The colonial / capitalist development in OurAmerica

  • Eduardo Andrés Sandoval Forero
Keywords: Coloniality of power, socioenvironmental crisis, decoloniality, unsustainability, developmentalism

Abstract

After World War II, development policies and theories have been evolving,
transforming, perfecting, mutating and updating, as they generally
define a group of countries as “first world” or “developed world” by reaching
certain standards in the generation of production and consumption
that are usually measured with the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
and the Gross Domestic Product per capita. Another group of countries
that do not have the economic and consumption standards of the “first
world” have been called “underdeveloped”, “developing countries”,
“Third World”, “emerging countries or economies”. In some and in other
countries the capitalist economic model has implemented unsustainable
development generating the current global socio-environmental crisis,
inventing in the last forty years public policies and development discourses
fostered by international organizations with the supposed purpose of
implementing sustainable developments. In Our America, developmentalism
is the concretion of a colonial / capitalist model based on extractivism
and its consequent commodification of natural goods. Considering
the fallacies of development, this article analyzes from a critical perspective
the paradigm of sustainable development based on the approach to
the coloniality of power exerted over territories, nature and populations.
The theoretical dimension of the analysis carried out is part of the decolonial
Latin American critical theory that allows us to deconstruct the
dominant development paradigm.

Published
2020-01-01